What Is Suboxone (Buprenorphine and Naloxone)?

Suboxone is a prescription medication that combines buprenorphine and naloxone. It’s used to treat opioid addiction. (Heroin and narcotic painkillers are common opioid drugs.)

Buprenorphine belongs to a class of drugs called opioid partial agonists, which help relieve symptoms of opiate withdrawal. Naloxone is in a class of drugs called opioid antagonists, which reverse the effects of narcotics.

This combination drug is used as part of a treatment program that typically includes counseling, lifestyle changes, and other interventions.

Suboxone Warnings

Suboxone can slow down or stop your breathing. You should never take larger doses of this medication than your doctor prescribes.

Do not take antidepressantssedatives, narcotic painkillers, sleeping pills, or tranquilizers while taking Suboxone.

Before taking Suboxone, tell your doctor if you have or have ever had:

  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy (enlarged prostate)
  • Adrenal problems, such as Addison’s disease
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Any type of lung or breathing problem
  • A head injury
  • Hallucinations
  • A curve in the spine that makes it hard to breathe
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Stomach conditions
  • Kidney, liver, thyroid, or lung disease

Before taking this drug, tell your doctor if you drink large amounts of alcohol. Also, alert your physician if you are having surgery (including dental procedures) while taking Suboxone.

Suboxone may cause lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting when you get up too quickly from a lying position. To avoid this problem, you should get out of bed slowly, sitting up and resting your feet on the floor before standing up.

Be sure to keep all appointments with your physician and the laboratory while taking Suboxone. Your doctor will likely order tests to check your response to the medicine.

The ‘Suboxone High’ and Abuse

Suboxone may be habit-forming. You should never share Suboxone with another person, especially if that person has a history of drug abuse or addiction.

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